Hadith #4

“Ketahuilah, aku hampir saja dipanggil (oleh malaikat maut) lalu aku penuhi panggilan tersebut. Sesudahku kelak kalian akan dipimpin oleh para penguasa yang berkata berdasar landasan ilmu dan berbuat berdasar landasan ilmu.

Mentaati mereka merupakan ketaatan yang benar kepada pemimpin, dan kalian akan berada dalam kondisi demikian selama bebarapa waktu lamanya.

Setelah itu kalian akan dipimpin oleh para penguasa yang berkata bukan berdasar landasan ilmu dan berbuat bukan berdasar landasan ilmu.

Barangsiapa menjadi penasehat mereka, pembantu mereka, dan pendukung mereka, berarti ia telah binasa dan membinasakan orang lain.

Hendaklah kalian bergaul dengan mereka secara fisik, namun janganlah perbuatan kalian mengikuti kelakuan mereka. Persaksikan siapa yang berbuat baik di antara mereka sebagai orang yang berbuat baik, dan orang yang berbuat buruk di antara mereka sebagai orang yang berbuat buruk. ”

(HR. al-Thabrani dan Al-Baihaqi. Syaikh Muhammad Nashirudien al-Albani menyatakan hadits ini shahih dalam Silsilah al­Ahadits al-Shahihah no. 457.)

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Dari Abu Sa’id r.a. dan Ibnu Umar r.a. keduanya berkata:

Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘Alaihi wa Sallam telah bersabda:

“Benar-benar akan datang kepada kalian suatu zaman yang para penguasanya menjadikan orang-orang jahat sebagai orang-orang kepercayaan mereka dan mereka menunda-nunda pelaksanaan shalat dari awal waktunya. Barangsiapa mendapati masa mereka, janganlah sekali-kali ia menjadi seorang penasehat, polisi, penarik pajak, atau bendahara bagi mereka.”

(HR. Ibnu Hibban, Abu Ya’la, dan al-Thabrani. Syaikh Muhammad Nashirudien al-Albani menyatakan hadits in; shahih dalam Silsilah al-Ahadits al-Shahihah no. 360.)

Quote #10

“The fearless Akbah plunged into the heart of the country, traversed the wilderness in which his successors erected the splendid capitals of Fez and Morocco, and at length penetrated to the verge of the Atlantic and the great desert….

The career, though not the zeal, of Akbah was checked by the prospect of a boundless ocean.

He spurred his horse into the waves, and raising his eyes to heaven, exclaimed:

‘Great God! if my course were not stopped by this sea, I would still go on, to the unknown kingdoms of the West, preaching the unity of the holy name, and putting to the sword the rebellious nations who worship another gods than Allah.’

- Uqba “Akbah” bin Nafi (622-683) on his conquest to the westernmost of Africa and being the first Muslim who reached it

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Excerpts from the writings of historian Edward Gibbon

Terusan Suez, Masterpiece dari Umar bin Khattab

suez canal 490x276 Terusan Suez; Master Piece Umar bin Khattab

 

Banyak yang belum tahu, Terusan Suez ternyata adalah sebuah karya agung berdasar ide dan gagasan cemerlang sekaligus membuktikan kejeniusan Amirul Mukminin Umar Bin Khaththab.

Ide jenius beliau untuk menghubungkan Laut Merah dan Laut Tengah adalah karena adanya berbagai potensi domestik yang sudah dikenal pada zamannya. Kejeniusan beliau ini patut kita banggakan, yaitu adalah karena kemampuan beliau mewujudkan proyek tersebut dalam waktu relatif singkat sehingga terusan tersebut bisa dilalui oleh kapal-kapal.

Di musim dingin tahun 641-642 M, Amru bin Ash membuka terusan yang menghubungkan antara laut Qalzim dengan Laut Romawi atau di posisinya sekarang, dikenal dengan nama Terusan Amirul Mukminin.

Al Qadha’i bercerita, Umar bin Khattab menginstruksikan pada Amru bin Ash pada saat musim paceklik untuk mengeruk teluk yang berada di samping Fusthath kemudian dialiri air sungai Nil hingga laut Qalzim. Belum setahun, teluk inipun sudah bisa dilalui oleh kapal dan digunakan untuk mengangkut logistik ke Mekkah dan Madinah. Teluk ini juga dimanfaatkan penduduk dua tanah suci itu hingga disebut Teluk Amirul Mukminin.

Al Kindi bertutur bahwa teluk tersebut dikeruk pada tahun 32 H dan selesai hanya dalam waktu 6 bulan. Kapal-kapal sudah bisa lalu lalang menyusuri teluk hingga sampai di Hijaz bulan ke tujuhnya.

Terusan ini sangat membantu penduduk Mesir hingga era Khalifah Abu Ja’far Al Manshur, yaitu diciptakannya bendungan untuk memutus aliran dan dukungan Mesir terhadap perlawanan Muhammad bin Abdullah bin Hasan bin Ali bin Abi Thalib di Hijaz.

Sebagian sejarah juga menyebutkan bahwa Amru bin Ash telah memikirkan untuk menghubungkan kedua lautan ini, namun tampaknya yang dimaksud adalah terusan lain yang membelah antara Selat Timsah dengan Barzah, yaitu antara Mesir dan Sinai hingga Laut Tengah. Tapi rencana ini dibatalkan karena alasan pertimbangan militer yang ada pada zaman itu.

Pada masa Khilafah Utsmaniyyah, teluk ini dibersihkan tiap tahun. Pada musim dingin teluk ini biasanya ditutup karena adanya pengerukan dan untuk berbagai perayaan. Lumpur yang dikeruk lalu diangkat dan ditimbun di samping kanan-kiri aliran teluk dan rupanya proses ini sungguh menarik perhatian penduduk setempat.

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Edited by @pokamamil

Source: http://www.islampos.com/terusan-suez-master-piece-umar-bin-khattab-9910/

Sudanese Black Musa: The Dark Knight of The Ottoman Empire (via Ottoman History Picture Archive)

The Ottoman Empire, which spread from the Balkans to Iraq and from the Caucasus to the Horn of Africa included many ethnic groups who were all involved in the Ottoman military, government, trade and everyday social life.

One notable example is a prominent soldier known as Black Musa, who was a volunteer soldier in the Ottoman army from Sudan. Black Musa spent the peak of his life running from front to front defending the Ottoman lands during the First World War. His efforts were first noted when he became commander Esref (Ashraf) Bey’s right-hand man in Libya.

Esref Bey, who was known for the role he played in establishing the short-lived Turkish Republic of Western Thrace as an advancing Greece and Bulgaria threatened the empire’s western borders, was more than just a commander for Black Musa. Instead, he was more of a father-figure.

They embarked on many campaigns together, the most famous of which happened to be their last. After Libya, Esref Bey and Black Musa formed two squadrons in the Arabian peninsula, responsible for breaking the British blockade on Ottoman soldiers in Yemen.

While Black Musa’s squadron succeeded in breaking the blockade and delivering aid to the soldiers, Esref Bey was wounded in battle and taken by the British as a prisoner of war to Malta. The two never saw each other again.

After the end of the First World War, Black Musa decided to join the national struggle in Istanbul, which was under British occupation at the time. However, Black Musa did not know anyone in Istanbul, had no money and nowhere to stay.

One day as he was leaving the mosque after performing his mid-afternoon prayers, he was spotted by Ali Sait Pasha who recognized him from their military campaigns. Ali Sait Pasha saw the condition Musa was in, and pleaded to allow him to secure a state pension for him get by. Musa, however, refused to take a pension, saying that he could not take money from such a poor people.

Instead, Ali Sait decided to help Musa find a job, and eventually got him into a porter position at the customs in Istanbul’s Karakoy district. While passing by one day, a British occupation commander called General Harrington noticed Musa and on hearing about his heroics on the battlefield decided to offer him a role with the British army.

Musa refused the offer, saying ‘You cannot make such offers to everyone. I have a state – the Ottoman state, I have a flag – with a moon and star, and I have a commander – Esref Bey. Our struggle against you is still not finished.’

While Musa worked as a porter during the day, he continued his efforts for the national struggle by night, working as a weapons smuggler to resistance forces in Anatolia. This hard work eventually began to take its toll on Musa, who was also spiritually hurt by the occupation of Istanbul and his longing to see his mentor Esref Bey again.

Musa later contracted a severe case of tuberculosis, which forced him to leave his job. He then decided to retire to a quiet life focusing on meditation and worship in a Muslim lodge in Istanbul’s Uskudar. It is here where he breathed his last breath.

When he died, all he had with him was a small suitcase, and his only possessions were a map of the Ottoman Empire, a Qur’an, a photograph of Esref Bey and a funeral cloth.

Black Musa was a volunteer fighter from Sudan who fought invading forces in Libya and Yemen, as an Ottoman soldier.

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Taken from Ottoman History Picture Archive FB Fanpage

Video: The Muslim Discovery of America

Watch as Dr. Yasir Qadhi explains how the Muslims who were actually contributed so much for Christopher Columbus “discovery” of America and the coincidental links between the fall of Al-Andalus and the discovery of the New World in 1492.

Aside from that, Dr. Yasir Qadhi also encourages the Muslims in America, wa bil khusus, to be proud of their long ancestry line since hundreds of years ago when they first came to this continent, to not shy away as most bigots ask why should they be even live in America, and most importantly – at how they should regard each Muslim as brother and sister. One true identity, one Ummah!

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Narrated by: Dr. Yasir Qadhi

Produced by: Yasir Qadhi